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New Directions for Chemical Engineering

https://nap.nationalacademies.org/catalog/26342/new-directions-for-chemical-engineering

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2022. New Directions for Chemical Engineering. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/26342.

ECSA E-Bulletin 2024 Volume 2

2nd edition of the Engineering Council of South Africa`s E-Bulletin for 2024:

Series on Sustainability - Stellenbosch University, Dept of Chemical Engineering

Engineering professor appointed the SARChI Research Chair to advance knowledge in green hydrogen.

Prof Prathieka Naidoo from the Department of Chemical Engineering at the Faculty of Engineering of Stellenbosch University (SU) has been awarded a Sasol-NRF Research Chair in Green Hydrogen to strengthen and improve research and innovation capacity of public universities to produce high-quality postgraduate students and research outputs.

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The Seaweed Project

As time progressed, the study evolved into a comprehensive endeavour aimed at developing sustainable and environmentally friendly extraction and purification methods to recover multiple valuable compounds from South African seaweed.

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The Cannabis Project

“We are employing chemical engineering principles to extract more valuable products from the same amount of original plant material, potentially decreasing the overall amount of waste produced" (Prof Neill Goosen)

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The Black Soldier Fly Project

“We are developing environmentally friendly processing technology that separates the protein from the other main components in BSFL (fat and chitin)" (Prof Neill Goosen)

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ECSA E-Bulletin 2024 Volume 1

1st edition of the Engineering Council of South Africa`s E-Bulletin for 2024:

Exploring how the Convergence of Automation and AI Reshapes Organic Chemistry Research.

PHYS.ORG - https://phys.org/

https://phys.org/news/2023-12-exploring-convergence-automation-ai-reshapes.html

Data produced by advanced robotic systems employing high-throughput methods is processed using artificial intelligence models for decision-making. This dataset undergoes processes of knowledge discovery (green line) and embedding (blue line), enabling the enrichment of the AI's understanding. Subsequently, the AI model undergoes iterative updates, forming a continuous feedback loop that enhances its performance and decision-making capabilities. Credit: Science China Press

Recently, National Science Open magazine published online a review article led by Professor Fanyang Mo (School of Materials Science and Engineering, Peking University) and Professor Yuntian Chen (Eastern Institute of Technology, Ningbo).

The research team proposed a significant shift towards automation and artificial intelligence (AI) in organic chemistry over the past decade. Furthermore, they introduced an innovative concept: the development of a generative, self-evolving AI chemistry research assistant.

The landscape of research in organic chemistry has undergone profound changes. Data, computing power, and sophisticated algorithms constitute the foundational pillars of AI-driven scientific research. In recent years, the rapid advancements in computing technology, coupled with the iterative enhancement of algorithms, have initiated a series of paradigm shifts in the scientific domain. This has led to a complete overhaul of conventional research methodologies.

Organic chemistry, inherently predisposed to creating new substances, is uniquely positioned to thrive in this era of intelligent innovation. Scientists globally are now converging in their efforts to explore and harness the capabilities of artificial intelligence in chemistry, thus igniting the 'artificial intelligence chemistry' movement.

 

The academic realm is currently at the forefront of a research renaissance in this domain. The future holds great promise for the application of knowledge embedding and knowledge discovery techniques in scientific machine learning. This innovative approach is designed to narrow the gap between existing predictive models and automated experimental platforms, thereby facilitating the development of self-evolving AI chemical research assistants.

In the field of organic chemistry, the concept of knowledge discovery through scientific machine learning is unlocking new possibilities. At the heart of this discipline is the understanding of reaction mechanisms, which often involve complex networks of intermediates, transition states, and concurrent reactions.

Traditional approaches to deciphering these mechanisms have depended on kinetic studies and isotope labeling. However, merging symbolic mathematics with AI is poised to cast new light on these intricate pathways, potentially transforming both the understanding and teaching of organic chemical reactions.

Furthermore, the aspect of knowledge embedding holds significant importance from an organic chemist's perspective. Organic chemistry is replete with heuristic rules, ranging from Markovnikov's rules for electrophilic addition to Baldwin's rules for ring closures.

Embedding these established principles into AI models would ensure that their predictions are not solely data-driven but also resonate with the intuitive understanding of chemists. This integration would yield insights that are both deeper and more aligned with the nuanced perspectives of organic chemistry.

 

More information: Chengchun Liu et al, Transforming organic chemistry research paradigms: moving from manual efforts to the intersection of automation and artificial intelligence, National Science Open (2023). DOI: 10.1360/nso/20230037

 

Provided by Science China Press 

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